Did you know?

African lungfish often live in waters which dry out for months on end. As soon as the water level begins to fall they burrow into the mud and form a hard cocoon of slime which protects them against drying out. A porous mud plug lets enough air in, which their lungs enable them to breathe. In this state they can survive for months and even years. Their metabolism slows right down and they feed on their body’s own reserves. As soon as the water returns they awake from their suspended animation. Because they are then badly emaciated it takes them some time to regain a fully active condition.


ClassificationOrdnung: Molchfischartige; Familie: Afrikanische Lungenfische
DietOrder salamander fish and relatives, family African lungfish
HabitatMarshy embankments of lakes or lotic waters
ReproductionSpawns into mud holes; brood care by father; maximum age: 23 years

Status according to Red List

More information you will get on the web page of the IUCN Red List.

Verbreitung Westafrikanischer Lungenfisch