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According to phylogeny orangutans are the oldest of the great apes and it is assumed that they have been around for over 15 million years. With their long arms and fingers they are perfectly adapted to life in the trees and spend very little time on the ground. The males are solitary and very territorial with access to several females within their territory. Males use loud long calls to make their position known for oestrous females to track them down.
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|Classification||Order: primates, family: hominids / great apes|
|Diet||Fruits, fresh leaves, new shoots, eggs and small animals|
|Habitat||Tropical peat swamp forests of the South-east Asian island of Sumatra|
|Reproduction||Gestation period: 227–301 days, one offspring; suckling period: up to 3 years; sexual maturity at 6–8 years; maximum life span: 50 years|