Did you know?

Arapaimas are among the world’s largest sweet water predatory fish. Because of the red edges around their fins and their red flesh they are also known as ‘pirarucu’ (red fish). They are much sought after for their flesh, which is rich in fat, and this is why this South American fish has also been introduced into Thailand’s waters. Arapaimas use their bony, toothed tongue for chewing. The tongue is so rough and strong that among other purposes it is also turned into files.


ClassificationOrder bonytongues and relatives, family bonytongues
DietFishes, insects and crustaceans as well as frogs, birds and small swimming mammals
HabitatLotic rivers and waters abundantly covered with vegetation and periodic flooding, especially in the Amazon and the Orinoco
ReproductionBreeding pairs spawn up tp 100,000 eggs in the ground; spawn is being guarded by both parents

Status according to Red List

More information you will get on the web page of the IUCN Red List.

Verbreitung Arapaima