Melursus ursinus ursinus
Due to their peculiar appearance sloth bears were once thought to be related to sloths, hence their English name „sloth bear“. Their bodies are optimally adapted to feed on ants and termites, which they suck up by producing a vacuum with their long protruding lips, their closable nostrils and their very hollowed palate.
Order: carnivores, family: bears
Primarily termites and ants, but also fruits, honey, flowers and occasionally also smaller vertebrates
Tropical and subtropical forests of the lowlands as well forest edges
Mating season: June to July; gestation period with delayed implantation of fertilised embryo: 6–8 months; weaning: 12–16 months; sexually mature at 2–3 years; maximum age: over 32 years
Status according to Red List:Vulnerable (VU)