Indian elephants can reach up to 3.35 meters at the shoulder and weigh up to 5 tons. A very obvious difference to their African relatives are their smaller ears and the fact that only the males have visible tusks.
The animals have a very good memory and even use tools. For example: they use long branches as „fly swatters“ for swatting bothersome insects.
Order: proboscidea (trunked mammals), family: elephantidae
Grasses, leaves, bark, soft woods, bamboo seedlings, roots and fruits
Rainforests, swamp forests, montane forests, bamboo forests, grasslands
Gestation period: approx. 21 months, one offspring; birth weight: on average 100 kg; suckling period: 8–10 months; puberty at 8–12 years; maximum age: over 50 years
Status according to Red List:Endangered (EN)