Sand rats are diurnal and live socially in family groups. They build complex underground burrows for hiding. Sand rats are one of the few mammals that feed on salt bushes (in particular those of the Goosefoot family).
Due to their remarkably efficient kidneys, the salt in their urine is highly concentrated, which is then excreted in the urine. They are able to tolerate 18 times more salt than humans.
Order: rodents, family: murids, subfamily: gerbils
Succulent plants containing salts, grasses and seeds
Sandy deserts, semi-deserts and salt deserts
Mating all year round; gestation period: 25 days, 1–8 offspring that remain in the nest; weaning: 3 weeks; sexually mature at 3 months
Status according to Red List:Least concern (LC)