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The species was first documented in 1930 based on bones found. It was believed to be extinct until 1974 when live individuals were discovered. Chacoan peccaries are classed as endangered. The greatest danger is habitat destruction. Furthermore, they are hunted for their meat in spite of hunting bans in place. They are also threatened by the impacts of diseases and natural predators such as pumas and jaguars.
Order: even-toed ungulates, family: New World pigs
Primarily different species of cacti (the spikes are removed by their tough snouts and teeth) in addition to bromeliads, roots, fruit and herbs.
Very hot, dry areas of the so-called “Gran Chaco” dominated by succulents, thorny bushes and scattered trees
On average 2–3 young which are usually born between September and December when sufficient food is available due to increased rainfall.
Status according to Red List:Endangered (EN)